安徽医科大学临床医学院新冠肺炎防控个人防护手册
发布时间:2020-04-27

weiqieshizuohaowoxiaoxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkonggongzuo,quebao2020nianchunjixueqixuexiaogongzuopingwenyunxing,xujiaqiangduiguangdashishengyuangonggerenweishengfanghujinengzhishipeixunhexinlijiankangjiaoyu,baozhengshishengyuangongshenxinjiankangheanquan。tongshi,suoyoufanxiaoshishengyuangongxuxiangxuexiaochengnuoqibaogaodezhenshixing,qiandingchengnuoshu,bingzuohaoyixiafanghu:

一、个人卫生防护

1.公共场所的个人卫生防护

(1)zaimibigonggongchangsuoyaozhengquepeidaiyicixingyiyongkouzhaohuoyiyongwaikekouzhao;

(2)jianshaojiechugonggongwupin;

(3)dapentihuokesoushi,ruweipeidaikouzhao,xuyongzhijinhuoshouzhouyifuzhezhukoubi;

(4)waichuhuilaihoulijixishou,caiyong“qibuxishoufa”,quanchengbaochishouweisheng;

(5)jinliangjianshaowaichuhuodongpinlv,suoxiaowaichuhuodongfanwei。

2.医用口罩使用指引

(1)jiaozhiyuangongjixueshengwaichuqianwanggonggongchangsuo(baokuojiaoshi、huiyishi、bangongshi、shitang、tushuguandeng)、jiuyi(chufaremenzhen)hechengzuogonggongjiaotonggongjushi,yingzhengquepeidaikouzhao。

(2)kouzhaoxuanzedefangfa:①renyuanmijichangsuodegongzuorenyuan、yujujiageli、chuyuankangfurenyuangongtongshenghuoderenyuan,jianyipeidaiyicixingshiyongyiyongkouzhaohuoyiyongwaikekouzhao。②chuyurenyuanmijichangsuo,rubangong、gouwu、canting、huiyishi、chejiandeng,huochengzuoxiangshidianti、gonggongjiaotonggongju,hejizhongxuexi、huodongdezaixiaoxuesheng,suishenbeiyongkouzhao(yicixingshiyongyiyongkouzhaohuoyiyongwaikekouzhao),zaiyuqitarenjinjulijiechu(xiaoyudengyu1mi)shidaikouzhao。③sushenei、huwaikongkuangchangsuo、tongfenglianghaogongzuochangsuo,kebupeidaikouzhao,huoshiqingkuangpeidaifeiyiyongkouzhao,rumiansha、huoxingtanhehaimiandengkouzhao,juyouyidingfanghuxiaoguo,yeyoujiangdikesou、pentiheshuohuadengchanshengdefeimobosandezuoyong。④jinrulinchuangdeshixixueshenghedaijiaolaoshi,yangeanzhaoyiyuandedengjifanghucaiqubiyaodegerenfanghucuoshi。putongmenzhen、bingfangdengyiwurenyuan、difengxiandiquyiliaojigoujizhenyiwurenyuanpeidaiyiyongwaikekouzhao;zaixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanquezhenbingli、yisibinglihuanzhedebingfang、icugongzuoderenyuan、zhidingyiliaojigoufaremenzhendeyiwurenyuan、zhong、gaofengxiandiquyiliaojigoujizhenkedeyiwurenyuan、liuxingbingxuediaocha、shiyanshijiance、huanjingxiaodurenyuan、zhuanyunquezhenheyisibinglirenyuanpeidaiyiyongfanghukouzhao;congshihuxidaobiaobencaijidecaozuorenyuan、jinxingxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanhuanzheqiguanqiekai、qiguanchaguan、qiguanjingjiancha、xitan、xinfeifusucaozuo,huofeiyizhishoushu、binglijiepoudegongzuorenyuan。peidaitouzhaoshi(huoquanmianxing)donglisongfengguolvshihuxifanghuqi,huobanmianxingdonglisongfengguolvshihuxifanghuqijiadaihumujinghuoquanmianping;liangzhonghuxifanghuqijunxuxuanyongp100fangkeliwuguolvyuanjian,guolvyuanjianbukezhongfushiyong,fanghuqijuxiaoduhoushiyong。

   genghuanhecunfang:mei4xiaoshigenghuanyicixingyiyongkouzhao。zaiciqijian,ruowumingxianzangwu、bianxing、sunhuai,kezhongfushiyong;ruokouzhaobeiwuran,yinglijigenghuan,bukezhongfushiyong。meirenxuzhunbeiyigeqingjie、touqidezhidaicunfanggerenyiyongkouzhao,bingbiaojixingming,quebaozhuanrenzhuanyong,bimianjiaochaganran。

   peidaifangfa:peidaikouzhaoqianyingxishou,zaidaikouzhaoguochengzhongbimianjiechudaokouzhaoneicemian,jianshaokouzhaobeiwurandekeneng。mianxiangkouzhaowubijiadeyimian,liangshougelazhuyibianerdai,shibijiaweiyukouzhaoshangfang;yongkouzhaodizhuxiaba;jiangerdailazhierhou,diaozhengerdaizhiganjuejinkenengshushi;jiangshuangshoushouzhizhiyujinshubijiazhongbu,yibianxiangneianyayibianshunzhebijiaxiangliangceyidongzhijian,zhizhijiangbijiawanquananyachengbiliangxingzhuangweizhi。yiyongyicixingkouzhao,lansemianchaowai,baisemiantiekoubi。

   zhaituofangfa:kouzhaowaicexifuledaliangxijun,tuoxiakouzhaoshibimianchupengkouzhaowaice,yongshouzhuazhexidaiquxia,yingjiangkouzhaojiechukoubideyimianchaowaizhehao,fangruqingjiedezifengdaizhong。buyijiangzhaixialaidekouzhaozhijiesaijinkoudailihuosuiyidiuqi,bimianzaochengyiyongkouzhaoerciwuran。zhaituokouzhaozhihou,yidingyaojideqingxishuangshou,baochishouweisheng。

   chuli:feiqideyicixingyiyongkouzhaoyingtongyishoujichuli。jiankangxueshenghelaoshishiyongguodeyicixingyiyongkouzhao,anzhaoshenghuolajifenleiyaoqiuchulijike;chuxianfare、kesoudengzhengzhuangrenyuanpeidaideyiyongkouzhao,xuanzhaoyiliaofeiwuchuliliuchengjiaoyouyouzizhidedanweichuli。

3.保持手卫生

(1)jianshaojiechujiaotonggongjudegonggongwupinhuobuwei;

(2)jiechugonggongwupin、kesoushouwuzhihou,fanqianbianhou,yongfeizao、xishouyehuomianxishouxiaoduyeqingjieshoubu;

(3)bimianyongshoujiechukoubiyan。

4.正确的洗手方法

diyibu,zhangxinxiangdui,shouzhibinglongxianghumoca;

dierbu,shouxinduishoubeiyanzhifengxianghucuoca,jiaohuanjinxing;

disanbu,zhangxinxiangdui,shuangshoujiaochayanzhifengxianghumoca;

disibu,wanqugeshouzhiguanjie,zailingyishouzhangxinxuanzhuancuoca,jiaohuanjinxing;

diwubu:yizhishouwozhulingyizhishoudemuzhicuoca,jiaohuanjinxing;

diliubu:jiangwugeshouzhijianbinglongfangzailingyishouzhangxinxuanzhuanroucuo,jiaohuanjinxing;

diqibu:yizhishoudeshouzhangwozhulingyizhishoudeshouwanbufen,xuanzhuanroucuo,jiaohuanshuangshou。

xiaojiqiao:an“nei—wai—jia—gong—da—li—wan”koujuejinxing;shijianbuyingshaoyu20miao,xiangdangyuchangwanliangbian“zhunishengrikuaile,zhunishengrikuaile,zhunishengrikuaile,zhunishengrikuaile!”de《shengrikuailege》。

5.健康打卡与报告制度

jianchimeirijiankangdaka,baogaojiankangzhuangkuanghejiechuxinguanfeiyanbingren、yisibingrenjiwuzhengzhuangganranzheqingkuang;

dangchuxianfare(ewen≥36.8℃huoyexiatiwen≥37.3℃,houzhegengweizhunque)、kesoudengzhengzhuangshi,yaojishigaozhifudaoyuan,anzhaoxuexiaoyingjiyuanguidingliuchengqidongyingjichuzhi。

6. 就诊防护

(1)ruguochuxianfare、kesoudengzhengzhuang,anguidingqudingdianyiyuanjiuyi;

(2)jinliangbimianchengzuogongjiaoche、ditiedenggonggongjiaotonggongju,qianwangyiyuanlushangheyiyuanneiyingquanchengpeidaiyiyongwaikekouzhao(huoqitagenggaojibiedekouzhao)。

二、健康生活方式

1. zuoxiguilv,baozhengchongzudeshuimianshijian

meitianbaochi8xiaoshishuimian,budapopingshidezuoxiguilv,shangchuangshuijueshijianbuyibipingshituichibanxiaoshiyishang,qichuangshijianbuyibipingshituichi1xiaoshiyishang。

2. jiankangyinshi

yirisancandingshi;

baochishiwuduoyang,bupianshi、tiaoshi;

buhehantangyinliao,duohekaishui、chashui。 

3. jianshaoshipingshijian

4. jiaqiangtilihuodong

jiaozhiyuangongjixueshengjinkenengzengjiashineiyundong、jiawulaodong;zaishaojiechutarenhuozheyutarenbaochi1.5miyishangjulideqingkuangxia,jinxinghuwaitiyuduanlian,jiaqiangtilihuodong。meizhouzhishaowancheng150fenzhongzhongdengqiangduyouyangtilihuodonghuo75fenzhongdegaoqiangdutilihuodong,meiciyinggaizhishaochixu10fenzhong。ciwai,meizhouhaiyingyou2cijirouliliangyundong。 

三、教师上班的健康要求

1.jin14tianwufare、kesoudengganmaoyangzhengzhuang,wugaofengxiandiquheguojialvjushi,wuyuxinguanfeiyanquezhenbingli、yisibingli、wuzhengzhuangganranzhejijingwailaiwan(huiwan)renyuanjiechushi;

2.zaibangongshirukouxingmuweizhifangzhikuaisumianxishouxiaoduyehuoputongxishouye,bingyouxingmubiaoshitishibaochishouweisheng;

3.liangrenjiyishangbangongshipeidaikouzhao;

4.diannaozhuanyong,bushiyongtarenjigonggongdiannao;

5.quantianbaochitongfengzhuangtai,zhongyangkongdiaozantingshiyong;

6.meiriyejianduibangongshigonggongsheshijinxingxiaodu。 

四、上课卫生要求

1.gonggongjiaoshijingongjiaoxueshiyong,zantingqitajujixinghuodong;

2.jiaoshishoukeshipeidaiyiyongkouzhao;

3.xueshengshangkeshipeidaikouzhao;

4.biyaoshicuofengshangke;

5.jiaoshizaishangkeqianhoujunyaoxishou;

6.jiaoshixiaodu、tongfeng。yaoqiujian“anhuishengxuexiaoxinguanfeiyanyiqingzhongdianchangsuofangkonggongzuozhiyin”。

五、进餐卫生要求

1.jianyizidaicanju,dabaohuisusheyongcan; 

2.cuofengyongcan,caiyongfencanzhi;

3.zaishitangyongcanshi,anzhaozhidingweizhiruzuo,baochirenyurenzhijiandeanquanfanghujuli(1.5mi),tongxiangjiucan,bimianjiucanshishuohua,bimianzhaduijiucan;

4.jiucanqian、jiucanhouxishou;

5.shitangxiaodu、tongfengyaoqiujian“anhuishengxuexiaoxinguanfeiyanyiqingzhongdianchangsuofangkonggongzuozhiyin”。

六、学生和教职员工返校途中安全防护

1.ruyoufare、kesoudengzhengzhuang,yingpeidaikouzhaojishijiuyi,paichuxinguanfeiyanbingduganranhouzaizeqifanxiao;

2.chengzuogonggongjiaotonggongju、jinrugonggongchangsuoshi,quanchengpeidaikouzhao;

3.quanchengbaochishouweisheng,jianshaojiechujiaotonggongjushangdegonggongwupinhuobuwei。dangshoujiechulegonggongwupin、kesoushiyongshouwu、fanqianbianhoudengqingkuangxia,yongxishouyehuofeizaoliushuixishou,zuncong“qibuxishoufa”;huozheshiyongmianxishouxiaoduyeqingjieshuangshou;

4.bimianyongshoujiechukoubiyan;

5.dapentihuokesoushiyongzhijinwuzhubingtuoshanchulifeiqizhijin,wuzhijinshikeyongshouzhouyifuzhezhukoubi;

6.yingliuyizhouweilvkezhuangkuang,bimianyukeyirenyuanjinjulijiechu。faxianshenbianchuxiankeyizhengzhuangzhexujishibaogaochengwurenyuan;

7.zuohaojiankangjiance,zijuefareshiyaozhudongceliangtiwen,ruochuxiankeyizhengzhuang,jinliangbimianjiechuqitarenyuan,shibingqingjishijiuyi;

8.lvtuzhongruxudaoyiliaojigoujiuzhen,zhudonggaosuyishenggeren14tianneishifoudaoguoxinguanfeiyanyiqinggaofengxiandiquhuoguojiadelvjushi,shifoutujingyiqinggaofengxiandiquhuoguojia,shifoujiechuguoquezhenbingli、yisibingli、wuzhengzhuangganranzhedeng,jijipeihekaizhanxiangguanliuxingbingxuediaocha;

9.tuoshanbaocunlvxingpiaojuxinxi,yipeihemiqiejiechuzhedediaocha;

10.daoxiaoanxuexiaoyaoqiubaogao,dengjixiangguanxinxi,tianxiejiankangka。 

七、心理健康

1. 开展多形式心理健康教育

(1)xuexiaotongguoweixingongzhonghao、weixinqunhuoqqqunxiangjiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtuisongxinlijiankangkepuleiwenzhangdeng;

(2)liyongxiaoyuangonggaolan、xuanchuanlan、jiaoshiheibanbao、xuanchuanshoucefafangdengfangshizuohaoxinlijiankangjiaoyu;

(3)jiaoshixuexixinlijiankangzhishi,jishifaxian、shudaoxueshengxinlijiankangwenti;

(4)jiaoshijiangxinlijiankangjiaoyurongrujiaoxuehuodong。

2. 营造良好的心理健康氛围

(1)yingzaolianghaodexiaoyuanfenweilaibangzhuxueshenghuifuguilvxuexishenghuo、huodewendinggan;

(2)tichangxueshengweihurenjijiaowang,tongguoyuanchengfangshiyujiaren、pengyou、tongxuedengbaochijijilianxi,bicibiaodaguanxin,huodeqingganzhichi;

(3)xuexiaojianlixinlijiankangrexian,gulixueshenghejiaozhiyuangongliyongxinlirexianfuwuhexinliweijiganyufuwuxitong。

3. 积极推进心理健康的自我调适

(1)duoyundong,zengqiangtizhi,cujinshenxinjiankang;

(2)tingyinle,huanjiejinzhangqingxu;

(3)jiazhanghezinvzhijianbaochilianghaodeqinzihudong;

(4)buxinyao,buchuanyao。

4. 及时发现师生的严重心理健康问题

(1)jiazhanghejiaoshixuexiqingshaonianxinlifazhanguilvdezhishi,guanzhutamendexinlibodonghexingweibiaoxian,qingtingtamendebaoyuanheyuanwang,lejietamenfengbidexinlihuodong;

(2)xuexiaojiaozhiyuangongtongshizhijianyaoxianghuguanxin,jishifaxiantongshiyoukenengcunzaideyanzhongxinlijiankangwenti,bingxiangdanweilingdaohuibao;

(3)chongfenliyongshudisheng、shi、xianzonghexingyiyuanxinlimenzhen、jingshenweishengzhongxinjigeleiyouzizhidexinlizixunjigoudengziyuan,jishizhuanjieshouyiqingyingxiangdaozhiyanzhongxinliwentidexueshenghejiaozhiyuangongjieshouzhuanyedexinlizixunhezhiliao,bingzuohaohouxudexianjiehezhichixinggongzuo。

(具体内容请参考《安徽省学校新冠肺炎师生员工个人防护手册》要求)

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