什么叫对学术不端零容忍?
哈佛清华一起上了堂示范课:包庇错误比撤稿更令学术蒙羞
发布时间:2018-10-22

zuijin,chegaoshijianyouxianqiyizhenbolan。xianshibenyue15rimeiguohafodaxuezhudongyaoqiuchediaogaixiaoyiweijiaoshoude31pianganxibaolunwen,zuotianqinghuadaxueyoubeipuyou11piancailiaoxuelingyulunwenyincuangaitupian、xujiashumingdengxueshubuduanxingweierbeichegao。buguo,dangwanqinghuadaxueshenzhenyanjiushengyuanjiufabushengmingcheng,duizheixielunwendezuozhezaozai2017nianjiujinxinglechuzhi。

chegao,zhishaoshuomingkeyanjieguocunzaimingxianeryanzhongdecuowu。weihehafodaxueyaozhudongzhaocuolairen?qinghuadaxueyouweihebuxiuyuchegao,ershengmingqiangdiaoyijingchulilexueshubuduanxingwei?

caifangzhong,bushaoquanneirenshibiaoshi,chegaoqishishikexuegongtongtiweihuxueshuzhenlihechunjiedeyizhongfangshi。zuoweiyizhongzhengchangdejiucuoxingwei,chegaobenshenbingbukechi;xiangfan,buyuanrencuo,shenzhibaobizongrongbeihoukenengyinzangdexueshubuduanxingwei,caizhenzhengweiquanqiutongxingsuobuchi,lingkeyanjigoumengxiu。


主动撤稿是科学共同体的一种自我纠错

benyue15ri,meiguoyizhimingshengwuwangzhanbaochuxinwen:hafodaxueyaoqiuchehuicengrengaixiaoyixueyuanjiaoshou、zaishengyixueyanjiuzhongxinzhurenpiailuo·anteweipude31pianguanyuxinzangganxibaodeyanjiulunwen,juchengzheixielunwenshexianweizaohecuangaishiyanshuju。

anteweipukeyishuoshixinzangganxibaoliaofazheiyilingyudekaichuangzhe。raner,tadeyanjiujieguobingweibeiguojitongxingzhongfu。cong2014nianqi,hafodaxuejiuduocixiangxiangguanqikanduianteweipudelunwenbiaoshicunyi,2017nianshenzhixiangmeiguoweishengbujubaoanteweipudengrenshexianxueshubuduan,bingjieshouyanjiujingfeitigongfang1000wanmeiyuandefakuan。rujin,anteweipuyiguanbizaihafodeshiyanshibinglizhi。

qishi,hafodaxuezixingjubaokeyanrenyuanxueshubuduanxingweiyichengguanli。2016nian,hafodaxuexuanbuyipianfabiaozai《xibao》zazhidezhongbangtangniaobinglunwenchegao。tongnian,gaixiaonuobeierjianghuodezhejieke·suozuokefabiaozai《ziran·huaxue》delunwen,yeyinbeifaxianwufafuxianjieguoerbeiyaoqiuchehui。

hafoweiheyaozheimezuo?hafodaxuezaiyixiangshengmingzhongbiaoshi,jiangjinshouzuiyangedexueshuguifanhelunlibiaozhun,duixueshubuduanjuebuguxi。

cengdanren《xibao》zazhibianji、xianrenshanghaishengmingkexueyanjiuyuanshengmingkexueqikanshezongbiandelidangshengyanjiuyuangaosujizhe,chegaoshikexuegongtongtideyizhongziwojiucuoxingwei。kexueyanjiushiyizhongduiweizhidetansuo,sheiyebuzhidaoxinfaxiandexianxiang、guilvdaodishifoujiushizhenlidinglv。yinci,duiyiyoukexuejiashuodeshicuo、jiyoujielundejiucuo,benjiushikeyandeyizhongchangtai。

“henduoqingkuangxia,shiyanjiuzhezijifaxiancuowu,zhudongyaoqiuqikanchegao。”lidangshengshuo,zheizhongchegaozhihuibiaomingyanjiuzhechengxindekeyantaidu,henshaodailaifumianxiaoying。buguo,keyancongyezhededaodeshuizhun、yanguangjianshicanchabuqi,suoyihenduozhumingkeyanjigouhuichenglizhuanmenbumen,duijigouzhongchanchudelunwenjinxingjiandushencha,yidanfaxiancuowujiuzhudongchegao——zheishiweihukeyanjigoushengyudezhongyaobaozhang。

tongyang,qinghuadaxueyezaifaxianzheici11pianchegaoshijiandezhujiao——2010jiboshishengyexiaoxincunzaixueshubuduanxingweizhihou,zhudongxiangqikanyaoqiuchegao。


包庇纵容看似维护了面子,实则丢掉了尊严

neimebeidongchegaoyiweizheshenme?lidangshengshuo,chegaoyuzhichangshangdezhudonglizhiyoudianleisi,shijiyanjiuzheyigetaijiexia。changjiandeqingkuangshiyanjiuzhecunzaixueshubuduanxingwei,beishizhengquerenzhihou,yizhudongchegaodefangshirencuo。ruguojuburencuo,neijiuzhihaoyousuozaikeyanjigouyaoqiuchegao,shenzhiyouzazhichegao。

suoyi,beidongchegaoshiyimingyanjiuzhezhenzhengdechiru,tongxinghenrongyicongzhongduchuqiantaici——zheigerendexueshuchengxinyouwenti。

yinci,chegaojizhidezhenzhenghexinshiduixueshubuduandelingrongren。jiunazheiciqinghuadaxuesuozaoyudechegao11pianlunwenlaishuo,zaicishijianbeimeitiguanzhudediyishijian,xiaofangjiufachushengmingbiaoshi,bujinzaoyichexiaoledangshirendeboshixuewei,haiduiqidaoshitangguoyijinxingzhuizewenze,2017nianjiutingzhiletangdezhaoshouyanjiushengzige、chexiaoqixueshuyuxingzhengzhiwu。

genjuqinghuadaxueshenzhenyanjiushengyuandeshengming,tangguoyi2016nian3yuezaijiedaoduiyexiaoxindejubaohou,lijiduiyexiaoxinjiuduboshishengqijiansuofabiaode16pianlunwenjinxingquanmianhecha,faxiancunzaiziwochaoxi、tupianzhongfuliyong、bianzaoshiyanjieguodengwenti,suijiyuxiangguanchubanjigouduocigoutong,tichuquanbuchegaodeyaoqiu。jibianruci,tangguoyihaishiyaojieshouxueshengxueshubuduanxingweidailaidehouguo。

“zheijiushiqinghuaduixueshubuduandelingrongren。”yiweiqinghuadaxuejiaoshougaosujizhe,zheishiyingdeguojixueshujiezunzhongdedixian,“baobizongrongxueshubuduanxingwei,duikeyancuowubaibanyanshi,caihuizhenrangguojitongxingbishi,kansiweihulezijidemianzi,shijiquediudiaolezijidezunyan。”

zhengyinweici,gedaxueshuqikan,ru《kexue》《ziran》dengdousheliyoukeyanchengxinbu,zhuanmenduisuofabiaodelunwenjinxingjiandu,jishifaxianxueshubuduanxingweibingjinxingchuli,jinliweihukexuegongtongtidechengxin,yeweihurenleizhishibaokudechunjieyuzhunque。

zaikeyanhuodongdaliangxiaohaogonggongcaifudejintian,keyanchengxinyiguanxidaoguojiminshengdefazhan。zuijinguojiakejibuzaixindejigoushezhizhong,zhuanmenchenglikeyanchengxinsi,yizaitongguogengqiangyoulidesifayuxingzhengshouduanlaituijinkeyanchengxinjianshe。

qingmeiweikejigongzuozhedouzhengqueduidaichegao:faxianbingchengrencuowubukechi,zongrongbaobixueshubuduancaishizhenzhengdechiru。(laiyuan:wenhuiwang xuqimin)